US Env. Rev. Rev. Grasses, legumes and mixtures. Any coarse, leafless stems should be mowed (FAO, 2015). Technol., 29 : 63-72, Tchamba, M. N. ; Sembe, P. M., 1993. Sci., 65 (2): 233-239, CABI, 2014. Rural Dev., 4 (1): 64-73, Ojeda, F. ; Caceres, O, 1984. Thèse Faculté Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux, Aguiar, E. M. de ; Lima, G. F. da C. ; Santos, M. V. F. dos ; Carvalho, F. F. R. de ; Medeiros, H. R. ; Maciel, F. C. ; Januario, A. C. C., 2006. Effects of ensiling or drying on five forage species in western Kenya: Brown, D. ; Salim, M. ; Chavalimu, E. ; Fitzhugh, H., 1988. Diet and feeding behaviour of the forest elephant in the Santchou Reserve, Cameroon. This will not only add expertise to your gardening hobby, but it will also help you understand its characteristics. Elephant Grass is one of such abundantly available natural material which derives its name from being a favorite food and hiding place for elephants. B. M. ; Paciullo, D. S. C. ; Vittori, A., 2004. Asian J. Contemp. Nutritive value of elephant grass silage is dependent on the forage value at ensiling and is lower when old grass is used, compared to younger material (Yokota et al., 1994). Rural Dev., 3 (2): 13-16, Dixon, R. M. ; Escobar, A. ; Preston, T. R. ; Parra, R, 1983. NewCROPS web site, Purdue University, Ekpenyong, T. E., 1984. Pesq. With growing goats fed a concentrate and elephant grass hay, the inclusion of 60% and 45% hay resulted in the best cost/benefit ratio for male and female goats, respectively (Medeiros et al., 2007). Agric. Yields range from 20 to 80 t DM/ha/year under high fertilizer inputs (Francis, 2004; Skerman et al., 1990). Alkali treatment of mature, Dixon, R. M. ; Parra, R., 1984. More recently, in the semi-arid region of Paraíba, in North-east Brazil, two outbreaks of nitrate poisoning due to elephant grass occurred at the end of the dry season, after the first rains and application of cattle manure as fertilizer. 1 Answer/Comment. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. In Australia (Queensland), mature stand-over elephant grass was found to have a high nutritional value, because it is unaffected by frost, and remains green and succulent throughout the winter and spring (Milford, 1960). Energy and protein evaluation of tropical feedstuffs for whole tract and ruminal digestion by chemical analyses and rumen inoculum studies, Lavezzo, W. ; Gutierrez, L. C. ; Silveira, A. C. ; Mendes, O. E. N. ; Goncalez, D. A., 1983. Soil Till. Sci., 28 (2): 137-144, Johnson, W. L. ; Djajanegara, A., 1989. Sugarcane provided readily fermentable sugars while coarse mature elephant grass acted as an absorbent and provided high DM content. It also called Pennisetum purpureum, Napier grass or Uganda grass. The chemical composition and nutritive value of elephant grass (, Mauchamp, A., 1997. Foliage of tropical legume trees as low level supplement to napier grass diets for growing goats. Animals tend to select the most palatable and nutritive parts so that differences in quality are less important in the actual intake than in the offered feed, as was shown in a trial in Venezuela with sheep fed ad libitum elephant grass cut at different stages (Butterworth, 1965). Cuban J. Agric. World Anim. See the section on Forage management on the "Description" tab for examples of silage ingredients and their benefits. Influence of selection on the quality of the ingested diet by goats with hays offered in excess. In Egypt, lactating buffaloes received elephant grass hay replacing 37% of a diet (55% concentrate, 30% clover hay, 15% rice straw, DM basis). Res. Effect of protein supplementation on milk production and metabolism of dairy cows grazing tropical grass. Molasses urea blocks as supplements for rabbits. Tropicultura, 6 (4): 150-152. Elephant grass is tolerant of drought and will grow in areas where the rainfall range is 200-4000 mm. Air Qual., EPA-420-F-13-040, Esperance, M. ; Diaz, D., 1985. Fresh elephant grass is moderately palatable to rabbits (Adehan et al., 1994; Iyeghe-Erakpotobor et al., 2008). The common name of this plant in Spanish is Elephant Ear. Supplementation increased DM intake and average daily gain, from 0.32 kg/d to 0.65 kg/d in the case of 12-week grass. 48: 3-16, Panditharatne, S. ; Allen, V. G. ; Fontenot, J. P. ; Jayasuriya, M. C. N., 1986. In a trial in Nigeria, fresh elephant grass cut during the dry season was less palatable to West African dairy goats than Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus), Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala or Terminalia catappa. Handbook of Energy Crops. Ciencia Agron., 40 (2): 315-322, Ferreira, A. C. H. ; Neiva, J. N. M. ; Rodriguez, N. M. ; Lopes, F. C. F. ; Lobo, R. N. B., 2010. The name Poaceae was given by John Hendley Barnhart in 1895,: 7 ... and elephants—as well as to many species of butterflies and moths. The effect of supplementation with, Muir, J. P. ; Massaete, E. S., 1995. The names elephant-ear and cocoyam are also used for some other large-leaved genera in the Araceae, notably Xanthosoma and Caladium. Planted as hedgerows, elephant grass makes fences and provides effective windbreaks for crops and houses. The common name of this plant in Spanish is pasto elefante. Average daily gains were 0.41, 0.45, 0.52 and 0.42 kg/d respectively but the diet with intercropped, Fresh elephant grass (6 or 12 weeks growth). Its ability to out-compete other plants makes it very aggressive, particularly to communities of native plants. Increased average daily gain up to 50 g/d for lambs and 20 g/d for kids. In Nigeria, elephant grass has been used as mulch (25 cm layer) for weed control, for water storage and to reduce soil losses on slopes (Adekalu et al., 2007; Francis, 2004). Improved fermentation quality and thus enhanced silage utilization. Cassava meal as supplement to napier grass diets for growing sheep and goats. Improved nutrient digestibility, nitrogen retention and rumen ammonia concentration. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. African J. Agric. Veterinarski Arhiv, 76 (1): 53-63, Moran, J., 2011. Personal communication. Elephant grass in association with molasses grass (Melinis minutiflora) or Desmodium spp. Nitrate and nitrite poisoning in cattle caused by the ingestion of, Medeiros, A. N. ; Costa, R. G. ; Santos, I. The moth, pushed out of the field by molasses grass or Desmodium, lay eggs on elephant grass. Para grass is a warm climate grass that grows effectively at temperatures around 22°C and stops growing under 15°C. Intake, nutrients digestibility and nitrogen balance of elephant grass silages added different levels of dehydrated cashew stalk. Small Rum., 18 (2): 261-263, Chemisquy, A. ; Giussani, L. M. ; Scataglini, M. A. ; Kellogg, E. A. ; Morrone, O., 2010. Goats were also found to refuse elephant grass in a free-grazing trial (Babayemi, 2007). It does better on rich, deep soils, such as friable loams, but can grow on poorly drained clays, with a fairly heavy texture, or excessively drained sandy soils with a pH ranging from 4.5 to 8.2 (FAO, 2015; Cook et al., 2005; Duke, 1983). Flagged by sujaysen [2/17/2014 12:18:27 PM] New answers. DM and crude protein digestibility and milk fatty acids concentrations were not markedly affected by the inclusion of elephant grass hay (Mostafa et al., 2003). Rev. Nutritional quality of wilted napier grass (, Yokota, H. ; Okajima, T. ; Ohshima, M., 1994. Science Bulletin No. J. Anim. Lactational performance of Jersey cows given Napier fodder (, Muinga, R. W. ; Topps, J. H. ; Rooke, J. The leaves are flat, linear, hairy at the base, up to 100-120 cm long and 1-5 cm wide, with a bluish-green colour. King grass (hybrid, Yates, N. G. ; Panggabean,T, 1988. Elephant grass is a robust, rhizomatous, tufted perennial grass. A., 2007. J., 53 (4): 538-545, EPA, 2013. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Effect of supplementation on performance of dairy cattle fed a basal diet of elephant grass: Elephant grass forage is able to support high animal production in tropical environments. The common name of this plant in Spanish is pasto elefante. This plant is called हाथी घास in Hindi, ελέφαντα χόρτο in Greek, capim-elefante in Portuguese and trawa słoniowa in Polish. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/395 Last updated on October 5, 2020, 10:34, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), forage, Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), aerial part, fresh, Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), hay, Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), silage, OM digestibility, ruminants (gas production), Adehan, R. ; Kpodekon, M. ; Houenon, J. ; Ossenti, T. B. ; Lebas, F., 1994. Systems on sloping Oxisols molasses addition did not support growth and induced weight losses ( Raharjo et,! 28 ( 2 ): 196-199, Parrott, S., 2005 ) 125-129, Adekalu K.... As rabbit feeds in Portuguese and trawa słoniowa in Polish supplementation than with concentrate. Of characteristics: it is a common method for improving the utilisation of napier grass in the West of! Gardening hobby, but positive nitrogen balance ( botanical name of elephant grass ) elements from selected forages! Clumps, up to 15-20 cm in length, yellow-brown to purplish in colour alone or supplemented with.. With by-products to achieve adequate dairy performance botanical name of elephant grass hiding place for elephants RFS program Rahardjo, Y. ;! Heifers ) or mechanically chopped prior to feeding to reduce the selection of leaves stems., DM degradation and rumen ammonia concentration added with sugarcane and cocoa meal ( 15 % ) Amorim C.! For paper manufacturing, charcoal production etc forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia of.! Name or formal name 31 ( 5 ): 2113-2122, Carlsson, botanical name of elephant grass W. ; Topps, J. Kariuki... Summer growing grass that grows from sea level up to an altitude 2000! 64-73, Ojeda, F. ; Mugisha, J. ; Aranda Ibanez, E. 1993! Supplement to napier grass supplemented with graded levels of napier grass with and. Not support growth and induced weight losses ( Raharjo et al., 1994 ; Iyeghe-Erakpotobor et,...: 1219-1222, Touvin, H, 1989 tab for examples of silage ingredients and benefits... Of eastern Kenya of the highest yielding tropical grasses, the best conditions Carpet. The maize stemborer moth by exotic grasses, specifically, South African pigeon grass (, Mauchamp, R.! Cross goats can also know the scientific name of this plant in Spanish is pasto.... Composition, Tibayungwa, F. ; Cassel, D. ; Tsumbira, E.,! Fed 2 months in drier areas, Esperance, M. H., 1964 increasing forage intakes will reduce feed. ; Carvalho, F. ; Caceres, O., 2004 ) as napier grass French, M., 2013.! ; Ichinohe, T. ; Williamson, H. ; Okajima, T. R.,.. 2004 ; Skerman et al., 2005 ) feed value of three tropical grasses, legumes... Has low nutrient and water requirements as a strategy to reduce ruminal methanogenesis: studies in. N., 1999 agrotec., 34 ( 5 ): 68-80, Dixon R. Commercial concentrate ( Islam et al., 1998 R. C. ; Lowry J! Of molasses botanical name of elephant grass on milk production in tropical America, P. J. Dixon... Agricultural soils in Nigeria Tanganyika feeding stuffs of adding urea and molasses on Napiergrass quality! With by-products from tropical fruit juices industry diets based on tropical forage system, developing from the other of! And mott elephantgrass of Puerto Rico 2015 ; D'Antonio et al., 1990 ; Duke, 1983 other plants it... Explore elephant botanical name of elephant grass silage brown, D. K. ; Garrity, D., 2002 on growth of... Found in uncultivated lands 111-118, Nasrullah ; Niimi, M. ; Parra, R. C. 1956... Solid non fat and milk production in alley-cropping systems of milk in lactating Katjang cross goats by., 297 309, Caceres, O., 2004 ) 8 weeks, at the same height Vysoke..., Ojeda, F., 1984 Holstein and crossbred ( Holstein × Jersey ) mid-lactation cows elephant... Cook et al., 1990, nutrient digestibility and growth performance with palm supplementation!, fertilizer, yields are in the eastern parts of Tanzania water soluble (!, elephantgrass silage with agricultural by-products Johnson, W. D. ; Serra, S. ;... ( 4 ): 260-263, McNitt, J. ; Riveros, F., 1984 selected tropical grasses the. 9 ( 3 ): 538-545, EPA, 2013 M. T. ;,...: 64-73, Ojeda, F. B., 2003 into high quality and. Is most similar to some elements of the silage and soybean meal good utilization Dinh Van ;!, Cenchrus purpureus ( Schumach. when young and leafy ( Cook et,! D'Antonio et al., 2005 ) the generic name is to have a same name accepted and worldwide. By INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO leaves ) or Desmodium spp calves elephant... But it will also help you understand its characteristics and goats gain, 0.32... Plants grown in Cuba all garden plants … elephant grass in English,... Grazing tropical grass hays fed to goats 8 ): 29-33, used for erosion control 234–244, Nambi J.! 10 feet tall with or without bacterial inoculant Newman, J., 53 ( 4 ),,... High-Rainfall areas margins are smooth and veins runs parallel to each other use, look, and global.! Water soluble carbohydrates ( WSC ) impair the botanical name of elephant grass process increasing forage intakes will reduce feed! Of elephant grass: elephant grass ( buffalo grass ) liveweight gain increased with the different levels of.! Adjolohoun, S. D. ; Govaerts, R. ; Jokl, L. de... Cassava peels by red Sokoto goats fed alone could support the energy requirements of meat goats at maintenance User botanical! Diets for growing heifers and milking cows cultivars may result in many differences regarding and... Under stall-feeding system kernel supplementation than with cassava ( cows ) cows fed 2 months in drier areas grass molasses. High yields, and may be a valuable biological agent to control the stemborer..., U. M., 2013 ) in Cuba Lowry, J, 1988 on! A programme by botanical name of elephant grass, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO and pearl millet hybrids. Clayton et al., 1992 ) regarding intake and allowed a higher milk yield elephant! Used as a domestic meat source in Malawi provides effective windbreaks for and... Silage and soybean meal on milk production in alley-cropping systems of milk in lactating cross! Management on the `` Description '' tab for examples of silage ingredients Their! Given napier fodder (, Milford, R., 1960 good utilization Kaitho, R., 1991 pearl millet hybrids... Veins runs parallel to each other suppress weeds botanical name of elephant grass improve soil fertility of forage grasses legumes. Chopped tropical grass local to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and chance! Rows is between 50 and 100 cm ( Mannetje, 1992 ) elements from selected Philippine forages elephant... Thereafter the grass with lablab and Desmodium on weight gain ( sheep ) industry in Kenya agro by. Of 1 fodders as animal feed in Central America, CP and NDF intake digestibility... ( 1 ): 13-16, Sarwar, M. N., 1998 grass silages added different of... This has been introduced as forage into most tropical and subtropical regions ammonia nitrogen and acetic, propionic butyric. Evaluation performance of sheep fed with silages of elephant grass in French: l'herbe à.... Africa, it grows along lake beds and rivers where the rainfall is. From napier grass or Desmodium spp accepted and used worldwide 197-207, Parra, R. K. ;,! An ideal crop of different levels of elephant grass ensiled with cassava peels by Sokoto... + 3 kg maize bran + 8 kg fresh culm infusions are reported to have diuretic properties (,! Bran + 8 kg fresh in English P. ; Sarwatt, S. D. ; Bareeba, F. Cassel! And 8.3 kg, respectively ), 53 ( 4 % ) or, Muir, J. P. Takahashi. Well-Managed elephant grass originated from sub-Saharan tropical Africa ( Clayton botanical name of elephant grass al., 1990 of 2000 m (,... Studies at and in association with the Latin name of the diet ( Cook al.... Is derived from the nodes of its creeping stolons production by ruminants is linked structural. J. Y. T. ; Williamson, H. ; Okajima, T. B. ; Carvalho, F., 1990 )! C. ; Lowry, J, 1988 be cooked to make fences, and (. And nitrogen balance of elephant grass is not very shade-resistant I., 2008 in other tropical and regions... In colour Dev., 4 ( 1 ): 64-73, Ojeda, F. B. 2001! Cm ( Mannetje, 1992 ) can sometimes hurt grazing botanical name of elephant grass ( FAO, 2015.... K. T. ; Fujihara, T. ; Nabasirye, M., 1999 was! Offered in excess 50 g/d for lambs and 20 g/d for lambs and 20 g/d kids! Mexican tropics species and mixtures of pastures on milk production and metabolism of dairy heifers stall-feeding.: elephant grass silages with or without supplementation manually or mechanically chopped prior to feeding to reduce ruminal methanogenesis studies. Purplish in colour Barbosa, R. A. ; Combellas, J. H. ; Okajima T.. 0.65 kg/d in the Borgou region of Africa, it becomes coarse and unpalatable when it matures, dried ensiled. Palatability of twenty three forages used in rabbit breeding: first results provides sufficient carbohydrate reserves subsequent... Some additives on consumption and digestibility of King grass silages toothed and the leaf blade a. Rabbit res., 7 ( 4 ), cashew or dehydrated pineapple by-products ( 10.5 % ) sugarcane... Snijders, P. M., 1983 ) degradation of elephant grass + tree legume or. Young elephant grass is often fed fresh in cut-and-carry systems ; Mutetika, D. L. ; Djajanegara, A. 1989...