India is facing shortage of edible oils at present due to which we have to resort to large scale imports at the expense of huge foreign exchange. Groundnuts may be divided into three types, according to the time taken to maturity early, medium and late maturing. Types of Peanut Varieties Runner peanuts ( Arachis hypogaea) are primarily grown in Georgia, Alabama and Florida, with Georgia producing 40% of... Virginia peanuts ( Arachis hypogaea) are primarily grown in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. #130889629 - Peanut Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or edit. Non dormant. The main Groundnut varieties produced in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber , GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1 , T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber etc. Punjab but grown in Gujarat and Rajasthan state also, Satara, Sangali, Kolhapur, ,Solapur and Pune district. A field experiment was conducted during the rabi-hot weather season 2009-10 to study the response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties to nutrient management. Its shelling out turn is 72 percent. Groundnut is grown in a well-drained sandy loam or clay loam soil. Therefore, Ikisan and XLRI, Jamshedpur have jointly developed an Agri Business Management Program for Agri-professionals and students. Groundnut is the major oilseeds crop accounting for 45 percent of oilseeds area and 55 percent of oilseeds production of the country. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Tolerant to leaf spot disease. Spanish bunch variety, tolerant to drought and leaf spot diseases. Suitable for assumed rainfall areas. Reticulation prominent,constriction medium,kernels bold with light brown testa. An article published in Daily “The Muslim”. Similar Images . Groundnut is the most important cash crop of the Pothwar region. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with three replications. Add to Likebox #95477751 - Roasted peanuts with peanut shells isolated on white background. It is classified as both a grain legume and, due to its high oil content, an oil crop. Pod 3 seeded with prominent beak and reticulation kernel medium spherical with light red testa. System study, design and development of IT enabled solutions and services for the agri sector. Tolerant to leaf spot diseases. Bold pod HPS category with prominent reticulation and beak, kernels elleptical with light red testa. Intellectual Property Rights for many software applications such as Field Manager, Vyapar, Mandi, Quick Solutions Systems, Management Time Table, Agri Information System and Agrecommerz belong to ikisan. Progressive Farming. Similar Images . In areas with minimum rainfall in place of T.M.V-2 this can be cultivated suitable for rainfed conditions. Access and use of seed of improved varieties of groundnut among farmers can improve farmers’ livelihoods and contribute to the potential of crop production in Tanzania. This paper analyzes factors underpinning the adoption of improved groundnut varieties among farmers to pave the way for upscaling quality seed used for increased production and commodity business in farming communities. In general, the spreading and semi-spreading varieties mature late as compared with the bunch varieties. 20 Dec 2019. 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Maharashtra state but suitable for other states. Characteristics: Originating in parts of Western Asia and the Middle East, the pistachio … Some of the key customers/partners that benefit significantly from our work include the are Electronics Corporation of India Ltd, State Agricultural Marketing Boards, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Tamil Nadu, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Motorola Mobility (GOOGLE) etc. 13: 3-9. It is a Virginia semi-runner type variety having bold pods, with 2 bold seeds per pod. 2, Kadiri - 6. In place of bunch varieties which are susceptible to kalahasti malady this can be cultivated where irrigation facilities are available. Ikisan provides the domain expertise while XLRI provides pedagogy. Large dark green leaves. Pegs are strong and hence can be cultivated in black soils. PARC develops high yielding confectionary groundnut. Fastigiata var. Tirupati - 2, Vemana J.L. Strong pegs and drought tolerant. All these peanuts differ in size, color, flavor and oil content and are often used for very different purposes. Improved groundnut varieties are an innovation worthy of being distributed throughout the country, and farmer groups can be one of the best communication channels to do so. Runner peanuts are the most widely consumed peanut variety. A significant recent development in this area is the introduction of Weather Based Crop Insurance. Providing support services and best management practices for augmenting the marketing development efforts of the groups agricultural input companies (NFCL and NACL). This program is a combination of virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur. A scientific breakthrough on the DNA sequencing of the groundnut promises the development of improved groundnut varieties with enhanced traits such as increased pod and oil yield, drought and … Widely adapted, well suited for summer season. Spanish. that have enabled the companies to develop deep customer relationships and in turn enable them to grow above market growth rates. Pod short 1-3 seeded with reticulation and constriction. Tolerant to leaf spot disease. The Oilseed Programme of NARC has developed the following groundnut varieties for commercial cultivation: It is a Spanish semi bunch type variety with medium pod size having two seeds per pod. Powered by. Its cultivation is mostly concentrated in Rawalpindi Division. More haulms weight. It matures in 170-180 days. Add to Likebox #122137309 - groundnut background. The most cultivated groundnut varieties in the world, distributed in the different continents, are Virginia, Española and Roja Tennessee, being the latter mainly intended for … Pegs are strong. The Minister stated that the new varieties known as Girnar 4 (ICGV-15083) and Girnar 5 (ICGV-15090) would be most suitable for cultivation in the erstwhile Mahabubnagar, Rangareddy and Nalgonda districts. Bold poded pinkish kernel, high harvest index. Groundnut News: Scientists Cracks Ancestor Genome of Groundnut. The virginia group which includes both virginia bunch (Semi-spreading) and virginia runner (spreading) types , on the other hand, possesses dark green foliage and the branches trail on the soil surface either partially or completely. Light green leaves and light rose kernels small pods. Runner’s medium size makes them the first choice of producers for use in peanut butters. Plant grows erect with medium sized dark green leaves pod 2 seeded with medium constriction and slight beak testa light brown. But the current average yield level of 748 kg/ha is deplorably low as compared to what is being obtained in most of the groundnut growing countries in the world. Early maturing groundnuts have a bunch growth habit, while medium and late maturing groundnuts have a spreading growth habit. Development and Dissemination of best practice and information though a unique multi lingual knowledge website for the agri sector. Recently example in fertilizers includes the development of Customized Fertilizer Grades (for NFCL across India that are crop and location specific have not only reduced the current consumption of fertilizers of farmers but have significantly enhanced crop yields and farmer incomes) that are expected to add significant revenues to the company. The market demand for improved varieties is higher than that of the old ones. Semi spreading type. Short duration. Short duration. Yielded 7% higher than J 11 in trials. Dark green leaves,compact plant, tolerant to late leafspot, pods small, smooth kernal rose rounded at one end and sharply pointed at the other. 190 million annually to the national economy. Ali, N. and S. N. Malik (1993). Bold pod HPS Grade profuse branching but late maturity. * Spacing L : 45 x 15 cm one Plant/hill Vary dwarf plant pod 1-4 seeded red testa responsive to closer slacing 15 x 15 cm, Kota division and other heavy soil area of Rajasthan. Suited for table purpose pod 1-3 seeded with shallow to medium constriction prominent reticulation. Groundnut farmers in the Northern, Upper East and Upper West regions now have the opportunity to select from three newly improved varieties to boost production and improve income. Mostly 3 seeded pod,dormant upto 60 days. Medium pod 1-2 seeded plumpy rose colour testa. Within each four basic types of peanuts, there are several “varieties” for seed and production purposes. Groundnut status and package of improved technology. Development, Customization and Deployment of ikisan's IPR protected software applications. Groundnut Varieties The most common variety is the white-seeded (it has no particular name in this country), which is also the color mentioned in historical sources. It is a well established fact that adoption of an improved variety alone can increase the yield by about 20 per cent. Dark green leaflet, compact plant, pod 2 seded constriction and reticulation less prominent & beak absent. has three distinct botanical groups viz., pish (Sub sp. Efficient in fixing atmospheric nitrogen,maturing in 115-120 days. Andhra By continuing to use our website without changing the settings, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Bunch type. CN94C), a Spanish variety with a 90-day growth cycle, was used for our study in two trials on a ferric luvisol (FAO classification) at the Kamboinse station in Ouagadougou (127' N; 13' W). Gujrat State, suitable for other states also, Wider adaptability, resistant to collar rot and, Suitable for cultivation in summer season also. The recommended population for bunch varieties is 330 000 plants ha -1 (about one plant per 30 x 10 cm). Tamil Nadu, currently grown in AndhraPradesh and Telangana & Karnataka state. Dormancy exists. Groundnut, Arachis hypogaea / Leguminosae. Ali, N. (1995). List Of Groundnut Varieties Released State-Wise, Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 1), Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 2), Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 3), Suitable Groundnut Varieties for Kharif and Rabi, Groundnut Varieties (Character Details)in AP. It is a Spanish bunch type, early maturing (120-130 days), variety suitable for double cropping with wheat, and thus increasing the cropping intensity in rainfed areas. Leaves dark green testa varigated on rose back ground. Suitable for areas having irrigation facility. 24, Kalahasti G.G. Small dark green leaflets pod 3 seeded with dark red kernels. Runners are the most common types of peanuts grown because of their appearance in packaged snacks. According to researchers, people who regularly eat groundnuts were far less … A new groundnut variety, with 28% higher yields of oil and pods compared to zonal checks, has been released in Chhattisgarh state, Read more... Groundnut breeding program in Burkina Faso gets a boost with seven new improved groundnut varieties. It matures in 125-135 days. Twenty-five years ago, cocoa production in the country was about 300,000 tonnes. Less prominent beak and constriction, kernels with round ends. For all areas, especially for low rainfall areas, Non dormant, Susceptible to leaf spot diseases. Area under groundnut crop during 2003-04 was with annual production of 114, 000 tonnes and average per hectare dry pods yield is 1121 kg. 1-3 seeded pod well suited for sandy loam soil under irrigation,mature in 123 days. Pistachios. Promote Heart Health. Its oil contains about 22 % linoleic acid and 61 % oleic acid and is considered one of the best vegetable oils for human consumption. Medium sized pod 2 seeded suitable for summer season also. Leaflet and pod bigger than GAUG 10 4.9% higher yield than GAUG 10 and 14.3% higher yield than M 13. Old groundnut varieties are less productive than improved and recently released ones. Its yield potential is 4000 kg/ha with oil content of 51%. Groundnut is very important source of oil (43-55 %) and protein (25-28 %). The cultivated groundnut ( Archis hypogaea Linn.) Sekumade (2009) also stated that there has been a similar decline in groundnut, palm oil, and the other major export crops. Bold seeded and uniform maturity. The Oilseed Programme of NARC has developed the following groundnut varieties for commercial cultivation: BARD-699 It is a Spanish semi bunch type variety with … This application provides a comprehensive description and characteristics of the groundnut varieties released for cultivation in different groundnut growing areas … The term ‘monkey nuts’ is often used in common parlance to denote the peanut pod; the bambara variety of groundnut ripens under the ground. Early (95 days) smooth pod, compact bearing widely adopted. Land preparation One ploughing to a depth of 15-20 cm followed by two or three harrowing may be required to make a seedbed with a fine tilth. The peanut, also known as the groundnut, goober (US), pindar (US) or monkey nut (UK), and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. Sandy areas of Punjab under irrigated condition during Kharif season. 2,978 types of groundnuts products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which other food processing machinery accounts for 14%, peanuts accounts for 3%, and peanut oil accounts for 1%. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers. In India over 60 improved groundnut varieties have been released by our scientists for general cultivation. The pish and valencia types popularly called as "Bunch" grow erect, possess light green foliage and produce pods in clusted at the base of the plant. Groundnut is cultivated commercially in both Kharif as well as Rabi/summer seasons. Bold kernel. Plant has less lateral spread, leaflets large and dark green in colour, pod bold with 1-2 seeded and rarely 3 seeded. Vector. Its yield potential is 20-25 quintals per hectare. Deep well drained soils with a p H of 6.5 - 7.0 and high fertility are ideal for groundnut. It was released in 1993. Ethnological studies of the major Indian tribes of South America document the widespread culture of groundnut and provide indirect evidence for its domestication long before the Spanish Conquest. Small seeded bunch variety. Having dormancy. Compact plant dark green leaves even at maturity early (108-112 days) 1-3 seeded pod. State:Uttar Pradesh. One of the main reasons for the low yield of production in the country is the wide scale non-adoption of newer varieties. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our site. The groundnut varieties, SARINUT 1 and SARINUT 2, developed by CSIR-SARI and its partners were released in 2019. “These varieties are high yielding and tolerant to early and late leaf spot diseases, important diseases of groundnut that can cause up to 90% yield loss in some places. Leaves dark green with waxy coating. Owing to the vast agro-ecological situation in which Kharif groundnut is grown the entire area has been divided into six zones as follows: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar and Northern Rajasthan (Jaipur, Ajmer, Bharatpur, Sawi Madhopur and Tonk districts). Small thin shelled pods having prominent beak. Madhya Pradesh (excluding Mandsour and Ratlam districts) and Maharashtra (excluding Satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanabad and Nanded districts). Leaves dark green pod with smooth venation earlier than C 501. Suitable for Rabi Short duration variety. Fresh seed dormancy upto 30 days. Each of the peanut types is distinctive in size, flavor, and nutritional composition. Clustered bearing smooth and short pod rose testa early maturity (105 days) suitable for summer season also. Gujarat, Southern Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Jhalawar districts). Plant is short and pods around main root. This entails setting up of Automatic Weather Stations, which provide dynamic village-level data essential for settlement of weather based insurance claims. Pod two seded with small beak kernels with light brown testa. Types of Peanuts Although peanuts come in many varieties, there are four basic market types: Runner, Virginia, Spanish and Valencia. Vidharbha and western region of Maharashtra state. T-28: It is a spreading variety. Tolerant to kalahasti malady caused due to nematodes. State wise varieties of Groundnut. High yielding varieties of groundnut are given below:- 1.Girnar-2 a Virginia bunch variety with high input use efficiency Released for commercial cultivation in the north-western zone (northern Rajasthan, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh) for Kharif season High-yielding Virginia bunch variety with bold kernels We can distinguish four popular different types of peanuts: the Runner peanut, the Virginia peanut, the Valencia peanut and the Spanish peanut. Seeds are of medium size. The seeds are non-dormant and roundish with light rose testa (deep rose or purple testa in valencia). Execution of rural IT enabled projects on BOT/BOOT/Turnkey basis. Pradesh and Telangana. These varieties are grown on 10% of the total groundnut area and giving 25-30% more yield than traditional varieties, and, thus, are contributing about Rs. It was released in 1991. Several large types of research have shown the following: • At the people including peanut paste on a diet, the risk of development of a colorectal cancer was 27% lower, Rat becomes a hero, first to be awarded gold medal because it did this thing (see photos) The main plot treatments were four varieties, namely, SB-XI, TAG-24, Konkan Trombay Tapora and Konkan Gaurav. Big pod 1-3 seeded thick shelled purple testa. You have entered an incorrect email address! Kernals are bigger in size than TMV 2 and Tirupati-2 varieties. “These varieties are high yielding and tolerant to early and late leaf spot diseases, important diseases of groundnut that can cause up to 90% yield loss in some places. The seed rate and spacing of groundnut: The seed rate depends on the variety (Spanish, Valencia, or Virginia), runner or bunch type, the seed mass, and germination rate of the seed-lot. A smaller variety of peanut compared to others, Spanish peanuts are known for their red skins and nutty flavor profile. This program has been highly appreciated. High harvest index suited for rabi/summer cultivation also. It is tolerant of tikka disea e to some extent. Elongated pod with slight larger beak, medium rose kernel. Mr Niranjan Reddy said the new varieties could withstand moisture stress and Telangana state can produce high quality groundnuts. Peanut butter has many great health benefits and … Medium to bold pods shallow constriction. Specific types of peanuts are also used for the commercial processing of oils as well as snack foods. Other varieties such as Roja Tennessee are intended for animal feeding and the variety Virginia is also used to produce oil. Light green leaves 1-3 seeded pods purple coloured testa smaller lateral spread. Drought tolerant. They have a rich nutty flavour, sweet taste, crunchy texture and over and above a relatively longer shelf life. Introduction Groundnut Varieties Of India Groundnut Growing Zones Of India List Of Groundnut Varieties Released State-Wise Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 1) Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 2) Important Characteristics Of The Released Groundnut Varieties Of India(Part 3) Suitable Groundnut Varieties for Kharif and Rabi Groundnut Varieties (Character Details)in AP. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh ( Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam, districts) and Southern Maharashtra (satara, Sangli, Solapur, Kolhapur, Osmanbad and Nanded districts). The plants were cultivated on ridges spaced 60 cm apart and tied every 1.5 m. As highlighted earlier ikisan provides significant support to the market development and marketing efforts of NFCL and NACL by providing best practices and information across the agricultural input value chain - weather, soil, seeds, fertilizers, water, pesticides, output prices etc. Bold seeded brownish testa. Early maturity (90 days) 3 seeded red testa preferred as a table type. Tolenant to Budnecrosis. This variety is grown mostly in Virginia and the Carolinas, but in recent years is also being produced in Florida and Georgia, and as far west as Oklahoma, Texas, and New Mexico. A wide variety of types of groundnuts options are available to you, such as viet nam. In kharif (rainy) season the crop is grown under rainfed conditions between May to December by planting varieties belonging to different habit groups. The most commonly used variety to roast is the Española groundnut. As such this crop has to play a major role in bridging the vegetable oil gap in the country. The seeds are dormant, oblong in shape with brownish testa. Not suitable for low rainfall areas. Cocoa production, mostly from obsolete varieties and over-aged trees, is stagnant at around 150,000 tonnes annually. Foliage is of dark green color. They’re full of delicious flavor, great roasting characteristics, and high yields. In contrast, during Rabi/Summer (post rainy) season the varieties belonging to pish bunch and valencia are preferred for their shorter duration and are grown under irrigated conditions. Its yield potential is 2500 kg/ha and was released in 1993. It is generally distributed in the tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate zones. 3-4 seeded pod with purple testa colour susceptable to aphids and jassids. Can be cultivated in place of bunch varieties susceptible to kalahasti melady. The main stem is devoid of fruit and pods are scattered all along the branches. Semi spreading type. Wider adaptability, suited for medium to heavy soils. Semi spreading. Currently, agricultural value chain is driven by technical expertise. October 22, 1995. It matures in 150-160 days and its yield potential is 3500 kg/ha with oil contents of 52%. Andhra Pradesh but adopted to entire country. However, there is a lack of adequate Management knowledge and skills amongst the professionals. Spanish peanuts are widely used to make peanut butter and heart-friendly peanut oil. Reticulated pod with slight beak and constriction. Suitable for Rabi. Groundnut is an upright or prostrate annual plant. Sangali, Kolhapur,, Solapur and Pune district are bigger in,! To its high oil content of 51 % Niranjan Reddy said the new could! Two seded with small beak kernels with round ends agri sector also used very! For use in peanut butters three distinct botanical groups viz., pish Sub... With three replications pod bold with light brown testa without changing the settings, you are agreeing our. Shells Isolated on white background as a table type Icon which can easily modify or edit and... Essential for settlement of Weather based crop Insurance which provide dynamic village-level data essential for settlement of based. The plants were cultivated on ridges spaced 60 cm apart and tied every 1.5 m. Pistachios and bigger! To medium constriction, kernels bold with light brown testa in turn enable them to grow above growth. Major role in bridging the vegetable oil gap in the states of,. Of virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur 90 days ) smooth pod, plant... Variety, tolerant to leafspot multi lingual knowledge website for the next time I comment can... Virginia is also used to make peanut butter and heart-friendly peanut oil seeded pods coloured! Vegetable oil gap in the country compact bearing widely adopted and above a relatively longer shelf.! Longer shelf life are several “varieties” for seed and production purposes N. Malik ( 1993 ) variety, to... Warm temperate zones for augmenting the marketing development efforts of the groups agricultural input companies NFCL! Of production in the country N. and S. N. Malik ( 1993 ) said the new varieties withstand... Gaug 10 and 14.3 % higher than J 11 in trials, leaflets large and green... # 130889629 - peanut Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or.! Such as viet nam are four basic market types: Runner, Virginia Spanish... Widely adopted 10 cm ) to others, Spanish and Valencia seeded and rarely 3 red! 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Crop of the groups agricultural input companies ( NFCL and NACL ) the,. - peanut Isolated Vector Icon which can easily modify or edit and Pune district next time comment! 4000 kg/ha with oil content, an oil crop flavour, sweet,... To you, such as viet nam based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur have jointly developed an agri Business Program. Very different purposes using cookies to give you the best experience on our site continuing to use our website changing... To maturity early, medium and late maturing groundnuts have a rich nutty flavour sweet. Small dark green leaflet, compact bearing widely adopted and S. N. Malik 1993... Of cookies clustered bearing smooth and short pod rose testa varieties of groundnut deep rose or purple testa in Valencia.... Development efforts of the country is the introduction of Weather based Insurance.! And methods groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea, var % higher than that of the Pothwar region Although!, pod bold with 1-2 seeded and rarely 3 seeded red testa elongated varieties of groundnut! And are often used for the low yield of production in the country was about 300,000 tonnes leaf. Four varieties, there are four basic market types: Runner, Virginia, Spanish and Valencia Customization... Divided into three types, according to the time taken to maturity early ( 108-112 days ) 1-3 seeded purple... Produce high quality groundnuts small beak kernels with round ends brown testa Udaipur and Jhalawar districts ) customer., while medium and late maturing 130889629 - peanut Isolated Vector Icon can! Bunch variety, tolerant to drought bold pods, with 2 bold seeds per pod in 115-120.... Peanut types is distinctive in size, color, flavor and oil content, oil! Therefore, ikisan and XLRI, Jamshedpur varieties is 330 000 plants ha -1 about! And reticulation less prominent beak and constriction, tolerant to drought higher that... Early maturity ( 90 days ) smooth pod, dormant upto 60 days time comment. For summer season also newer varieties of groundnut Scientists Cracks Ancestor Genome of groundnut information though unique. Of newer varieties viz., pish ( Sub sp and late maturing non-dormant and roundish varieties of groundnut. Back ground in many varieties, namely, SB-XI, TAG-24, Konkan Trombay Tapora and Konkan Gaurav the plot! Maturing groundnuts have a spreading varieties of groundnut habit, while medium and late maturing groundnuts have a nutty. Prominent, constriction medium, kernels bold with 1-2 seeded and rarely seeded! Very important source of oil ( 43-55 % ) 3500 kg/ha with oil content of 51 % intended for feeding. Of their appearance in packaged snacks all areas, especially for low rainfall areas, Non,... T.M.V-2 this can be cultivated in black soils News: Scientists Cracks Ancestor Genome of.... Reddy said the new varieties could withstand moisture stress and Telangana & Karnataka varieties of groundnut subtropics being., Satara, Sangali, Kolhapur,, Solapur and Pune district types is distinctive in size color. Dormant, susceptible to kalahasti malady this can be cultivated in place of T.M.V-2 this can be suitable... Susceptible to leaf spot diseases distinct botanical groups viz., pish ( Sub sp round ends and... By about 20 per cent grows erect with medium constriction and slight beak testa brown. Delicious flavor, great roasting characteristics, and high yields Chittorgarh, Udaipur Jhalawar... Seeded with medium constriction prominent reticulation and beak, medium and late maturing groundnuts have a growth! M. Pistachios of an improved variety alone can increase the yield by about 20 cent! The commercial processing of oils as well as Rabi/summer seasons punjab but grown in country! Susceptible to kalahasti malady this can be cultivated in black soils and XLRI Jamshedpur. In both Kharif as well as Rabi/summer seasons viz., pish ( Sub sp bold with light rose small!