0000009288 00000 n The North American porcupine is found in New England, the upper Midwest and western United States and most of Canada. Invertebrates associated with different wetland types may also vary. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. Except in the autumn mating season, porcupines live solitary lives, gnawing with their rodent incisors at the inner bark of a wide range of tree species for food, and denning under … So a group of volunteers, led by Pennsylvania Sea Grant Maritime Educator David Boughton, converged on Lampe Marina to build structures to replace lost natural spawning areas in Lake Erie. 0000001259 00000 n All have short, stocky legs, but their tails range from short to long, with some being prehensile. Privacy Policy, Chesapeake Bay Program Pennsylvania Game Commission/Jacob Dingel. Adult porcupines weigh around 20 pounds. Porcupines occupy a variety of habitats, from tundra to desert, from grassland to forest, across the western and northern United States. Mammals of Pennsylvania. The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), also known as the Canadian porcupine, is a large rodent in the New World porcupine family. Its Central and South American relatives can’t withstand the high variance in temperature tolerated by North American porcupines. Porcupine Fish Attractors fish structure improve spawning habitat while providing valuable structure for all species of fish in all size lakes. The beaver is the only rodent in North America that is larger than the North American porcupine. Porcupines can weigh as much as 30kg, however they are considered to be slow animals. North American porcupines have over 30,000 modified hairs called quills covering their bodies. It lives in forests and often can be seen hunched into what appears to be a black ball high in a tree. Fax: (410) 267-5777, © 2020 Chesapeake Bay Program All Rights Reserved Vegetation and woody debris were often removed during construction. trailer << /Size 39 /Info 14 0 R /Root 17 0 R /Prev 62048 /ID[<31ef584da2c569425b08cd8bbf47d9e9>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 17 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 15 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /S 96 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 38 0 R >> stream 16 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 18 /H [ 862 243 ] /L 62496 /E 32103 /N 4 /T 62058 >> endobj xref 16 23 0000000016 00000 n Male porcupines perform dances and spray urine over females’ heads. The tail can be another 8 to 10 inches. Meet Our Porcupine. While it doesn’t occur in all parts of Pennsylvania, the porcupine is one of our best-known and most easily identified wild animals. Amphibian concentrations may differ among wetland types and regions. Stumps in shallow water provide an important habitat value in Pennsylvania reservoirs and sometimes are the only true Porcupines seem to be holding their own. Porcupine Pat is the Environmental Education Coordinator for the Schuylkill Conservation District. 0000003770 00000 n The species is widespread throughout Canada and the western United States. The porcupine was attracted to the salty taste of the treated wood. Wild Animals. 0000001084 00000 n The North American porcupine lives in forests and scrubby areas. 0000015842 00000 n Less than a mile east of Cougar Bob’s Kelletville Tavern overlooking the picturesque Tionesta Creek, I spotted my first porcupine. Porcupine, any of 25 species of large, herbivorous, quill-bearing rodents active from early evening to dawn. By 1995, more than 2,000 of them had been placed in state waters. Animal Group. Pennsylvania is a region that is so diverse in wildlife. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. • Provides cover for fish pre- and post-spawning and refuge cover for juvenile fish. 0000010183 00000 n One of the most noteworthy is the Pennsylvania Porcupine Crib, developed nearly 30 years ago. 0000002479 00000 n Habitat improvement projects work to create a more diverse fish habitat. Their quills come off easily when touched, and their sharp tips and overlapping scales or barbs that make them difficult to remove. Distribution. Porcupines have salt cravings that lead them to chew on anything made of plywood or with salt residue, such as housing structures and automobiles. Porcupines’ back, sides, and tail are covered with thousands of stiff, needle-like, finely barbed hairs (quills) for defense. Only a few lakes in Pennsylvania are natural. The mother usually takes minimal care of her porcupette after the first week, when it is able to feed on its own. Range. The Porcupine Jr. was designed to mimic the habitat provided by native stumps. Maps are shown for each species whose current distribution is known. Common Name: Porcupine Scientific Name: Erethizon dorsatum Habitat: Woodlands, preferring stands of white pine, hemlock, and a variety of hardwoods near rocky outcroppings that can be used for dens. PFBC describes it as "the first habitat device designed with fish protection — not fish attraction — as an objective." ©Sheri Amsel www.exploringnature.org 0000007519 00000 n They inhabit the rugged mountains of northcentral Pennsylvania, the timbered land in the northwest and northeast corners, and the wooded sections of the ridge-and-valley region. Fishers are especially equipped to prey upon porcupines, and will attack from the front until they are able to flip a porcupine on its back and attack the porcupine’s unprotected stomach. Their fur ranges in color from brownish-yellow to black, and they sport white highlights in their quills. Porcupines occupy a variety of habitats, from tundra to desert, from grassland to forest, across the western and northern United States. Amanda Gabryszak / DJ Case and Associates. As told above, porcupines are classified into two classes- old world and new world. The porcupine is a herbivore that eats leaves, twigs, bark and green plants like skunk cabbage and clover. A small head ing rodent with an appetite for tree bark and green plants like cabbage... Predator encounters them the rest of the most recognizable feature of the this. Used infrequently, include various screeches and calls just might have been a porcupine has an estimated 30,000 a ritual! 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